Endlessly troublesome, they, the Tlaxcalans and others, would prove to be vital allies for the Spaniards when they came to plunder and conquer the vast riches of Mesoamerica. The fine Spanish steel sword was such an advantage that for some time after the conquest, it was illegal for natives to have one. He defeated the Aztec empire and took Mexico for Spain. He did it through a combination of luck, courage, political savvy and advanced tactics and weapons. The Aztec warrior commanders, unhappy at Motecuhzoma's passivity, overthrew him and set Cuitlahuac as the new tlatoani. The finely made weapons did not pass inspection until they could bend in a half-circle and survive a full-force impact with a metal helmet. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … It began as a form of homeschooling, and, at 12 years of age, boys and girls left home to attend formal schools. His decision to abandon school was primarily influenced by news of famed … Are you a teacher? Web. The Aztec gods required human blood (let from living bodies, as well as through the death of sacrificial victims) to nourish them and sustain the world. Approved by eNotes Editorial Team Posted on October 27, 2013 at 1:25 AM The visitors from the Old World had finally come. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec. Disease played a huge part in the fall of the Aztec empire. by wikipedia user: El Comandante (CC BY-SA). The Impact of Disease on the Aztecs. The Aztecs believed that the god of the sun and war Huitzilopochtli had been fully armed and ready for war from the very moment of his birth from his mother Coatlicue. Why did Spain and France establish colonies in America? The two sides were not just centuries but millennia apart in terms of arms technology and warfare tactics. These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War. Hernán Cortés and his men retreating from Tenochtitlán, undated illustration. Cortes would have none of that, and went to fight them. Contributions . The second factor in the Spaniard’s favour was the primitive weaponry and ritualised warfare of their opponents. Cortés & the Fall of the Aztec Empire. Hernan Cortes Impact on Exploration Hernan Cortes was born in Spain around 1485 and died in 1547. The city was clean and well-ordered, with strong laws and political administration, but the Aztecs have often been regarded as a brutal and even evil people because they practised human sacrifice. Last modified July 04, 2016. Columbus had set sail hoping to … Hernan Cortes was born in Spain around 1485 and died in 1547. After hundreds of years of living in Asia’s shadow, the sun was finally rising over Europe and … A fierce battle ended in Cortés taking control of the temple, which he then set fire to, horrifying the population. After six days of retreat Cortés won the battle of Otumba over the Aztecs sent in pursuit (July 7, 1520). Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec.These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War.The Azcapotzalco forces were defeated by an alliance of Texcoco, Tenochtitlan (the capital of the Mexica) … Cartwright, Mark. In this way, the Aztec empire came to cover most of northern Mexico, an area of some 135,000 square kilometres with a population of around 11 million. Thousands of golden artifacts from Aztec culture were melted down and shipped back to Spain. Fighting for their independence from Aztec rule they did not realise that they would merely be replacing one rapacious overlord for another even more destructive one. José Luis de Rojas the author of Tenochtitlan: Capital of the Aztec Empire states that one of the most respected positions an Aztec commoner could obtain was the role of “Tealtiani" or the person responsible for the cleansing of slaves before sacrifice . Then a garrison was established at Veracruz on the coast. He conquered the Aztecs and made their territory a part of the Spanish empire. Hernan Cortes was the Spanish conquistador that destroyed the empire of the Aztecs and claimed Mexico for the Spanish crown. Related Content Ancient History Encyclopedia. This made them highly conspicuous in battle and a prime target to dispatch as early as possible. Ordinary people suffered from the European-introduced diseases which wiped out up to 50% of the population, and their new overlords did not turn out to be any better than the Aztecs. In the early 1700s, tomato seeds were brought into the 13 US colonies and it became a part of the American heritage. Taking the position of tlatoani, meaning ‘speaker’ in 1502 CE, he ruled as an absolute monarch and was considered a god by his people and a manifestation and perpetuator of the sun. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. The fall of the Aztec empire, while a devastation to its indigenous people, was a significant achievement for Hernán Cortés and his army of conquistadors. 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